Abortion Insurance Opt-Out Act
Right to Life of Michigan formed No Taxes for Abortion Insurance, a committee to initiate legislation via petition drive that directly paralleled the legislation introduced by Rep. Shirkey and Sen. Jansen. The petition drive began in June 3, 2013 and was completed on Oct. 4, 2013 with over 316,000 signatures submitted (258,088 were required under the Constitution). The signatures were certified by the State Board of Canvassers on Dec. 2, 2013, placing the initiative before the legislature (referred to as Initiated Legislation 1). The Michigan House and Senate simultaneously took up the initiated legislation on Dec. 11, 2013. The House approved the measure by a vote of 62-47; the Senate vote was 27-11 in favor. As the measure did not require the Governor’s signature, it became law upon approval by the legislature and is now known as Public Act 182 of 2013.
Nearly identical legislation was vetoed by Governor Snyder on December 28, 2012, after the language for removing abortion coverage from insurance plans was inserted into bills restructuring Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Michigan. Gov. Snyder vetoed the bills on the basis that it did not have an exception for cases of rape and that the policy excessively intruded on the private insurance market.
Repeated efforts by the bill sponsors, the House and Senate leaders, Right to Life of Michigan and other supporters to negotiate a compromise proposal with the governor were engaged from January through May of 2013, but were to no avail. Right to Life of Michigan responded by forming a committee to circulate a citizen-initiated petition that would present the language of the Abortion Insurance Opt-Out Act to the Legislature. Under this procedure provided in the Michigan Constitution (Art. II, Sec. 9), the proposed language requires a simple majority approval in the House and Senate to become law. The proposal cannot be amended and it is not subject to the governor’s approval or veto. Should the Legislature reject or fail to act on the petition, the question of adopting the law would appear on the November 2014 statewide ballot.